Lemon farming is done as more profitable farming. Once its plants are fully developed, they produce for many years. It is a low cost, high profit crop. After planting its plants only once, yields can be obtained for 10 years. After planting, only they require care. So its product also increases every year. Lemon is mainly used in food. Currently, lemon has become a delicious fruit that many cosmetic and pharmaceutical companies use. Moreover, Preet tractor is highly recommended by farmers for all farming purposes.
Its plant is bushy, in which branches are also found less. There are small thorns in its branches. The colour of the flowers that emerge in lemon plants is white, but when fully developed, its flowers turn yellow. The taste of lemon is sour, in which the amount of Vitamin A, B and C are found to be high.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Lemon cultivation requires sandy loam soil. In addition, it can be easily cultivated in laterite and acidic alkaline soil. The lemon crop can be done in any climate all over India. However, lemon is produced in large quantities in areas with sub-tropical and semi-arid environments. In India, lemon is cultivated in large amounts in many parts of the states of Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. Lemon should not be grown in areas where it remains cold for a long time because the frost falling in winter is more harmful to its plants.
When the lemon plant is fully prepared, it yields for many years. That's why its field should be prepared well. For this, first of all, the area should be deeply ploughed with soil-turning ploughs. After this, adding old cow dung manure to the site should be pushed with a rotavator and mixed well in the soil. Then mixing the waste in the ground, the land should be levelled by placing footings in the field. After this, pits are prepared for transplanting plants in the area.
Lemon plants are transplanted as seedlings. For this, lemon plants should be bought from the nursery. The plants purchased should be one month old and healthy. The months of June and August are considered appropriate for transplanting plants. Its plants grow well in the rainy season. Also, after transplanting, its plants are ready to produce after three to four years. For planting lemon plants, a distance of 10 feet is kept between the pits prepared in the field, in which the size of the holes is 70 to 80 cm wide and 60 cm deep. About 600 plants can be planted in one hectare field. Moreover, for advanced use of agricultural attachments farmers use Captain tractor as it easily handles equipment.
Lemon plants do not require much irrigation. Since lemon plants are transplanted in the rainy season, they don't need much irrigation during this time. Its plants are watered for 10 to 15 days in the winter season. If water is given more than this, there may be a problem of waterlogging in the field, which is also very harmful to plants.
Diseases & Prevention
Tunnel bugs, Citrus Silla and Chepa, such insect diseases, destroy the plants by sucking the juice from the branches and leaves. Therefore, proper monocrotophos is sprayed on the plants to prevent such infections. Apart from this, cut the stems of plants affected by these diseases and separate them.
This type of disease is seen in fruits. When affected by black spot disease, black spots appear on the top of the lemon. First, this disease can be prevented from growing by cleaning it with water. If this disease's effect increases, a layer of grey starts appearing on the lemon. To avoid this disease, a white oil and copper solution is sprayed on the plants.
Zinc & Iron Deficiency
Due to iron deficiency in lemon plants, the leaves of the plant start appearing yellow. After some time, the leaves dry up and fall, and the plant also starts drying up slowly. In order not to see this type of disease in lemon plants, the plants should be given country manure. Apart from this, 2 spoons of zinc dissolved in 10 litres of water have to be given to the plants.
Lemon plants start bearing fruits after three to four months of flowering. After this, the lemons attached to the plants are separated. Lemon is produced in the form of bunches, due to which its fruits are ready for harvesting at different times. Clean the plucked lemons properly and make a solution by adding 2.5 GM quantity of chlorinated in one liter of water. After this, clean the lemons with this solution.
A fully grown plant lemon yields about 40 KG in a year. About 600 plants can be planted in one hectare field.